This analysis should provide you with quite a good first overview of your local water and sanitation situation. But now, you may have identified many problems and may be overwhelmed and insecure where to continue. In that case, it is sensible to group the problems into certain problem areas (problems that are linked to one another), and to try to identify root causes for the problem. See how this was done in the case of Unsustainaville:
In Unsustainaville, four main problem areas emerged:
In Unsustainaville, the political and legal framework is very weak. There are some laws and policies, but they are not very coherent. Furthermore, the bodies that should control their implementation are weak, and do not have enough power to enforce the laws. The following problems result from this root cause:
These problems are mainly not technical in their character. You will need software tools to tackle them. See for instance creating an enabling environment or command and control tools, or planning and process tools for more information.
Though water is not abundant in Unsustainaville, it is mismanaged and overused, leading to the following problems:
First, awareness raising and advocacy may help the decision makers and the local population of Unsustainaville to understand the problem. You could also check out existing planning approaches or concepts such as IWRM or water safety plans.
Having identified problems in relation to water and sanitation in your areas, there are now different ways to proceed:
→ Refer to the planning and process Tools section to find approaches on how problems can be tackled
→ Refer to the respective section of the Implementation Tools:
Remember: The conclusion you draw from a first desktop analysis may not necessarily be the same than the one that other stakeholders draw. It is important to redo this exercise with stakeholders and identify the most problematic areas jointly. In any case, no matter which area you identified as the most problematic - this analysis should also make you clear that your problem never stands alone, but is always linked to other ones through the water and nutrient cycles.
Too many WASH and WRM projects fail prematurely or are left unused because they are poorly planned, don’t adequately meet user needs, or are weakened by corruption and integrity issues.
IQC management is a participatory, step-by-step process to help improve Integrity, manage Quality, and ensure Compliance of small-scale WASH and WRM projects.
May 3 - 4 in Berlin