SPEARS, D.; GHOSH, A.; CUMMING, O. (2013): Open Defecation and Childhood Stunting in India. An Ecological Analysis of New Data from 112 Districts. In: PLOS ONE 9. San Francisco/Cambridge: Public Library of Science (PLoS). URL [Accessed: 23.09.2013]. PDF
Poor sanitation remains a major public health concern linked to several important health outcomes; emerging evidence indicates a link to childhood stunting. In India over half of the population defecates in the open; the prevalence of stunting remains very high. Recently published data on levels of stunting in 112 districts of India provide an opportunity to explore the relationship between levels of open defecation and stunting within this population.
Too many WASH and WRM projects fail prematurely or are left unused because they are poorly planned, don’t adequately meet user needs, or are weakened by corruption and integrity issues.
IQC management is a participatory, step-by-step process to help improve Integrity, manage Quality, and ensure Compliance of small-scale WASH and WRM projects.
May 3 - 4 in Berlin