Copyright and Disclaimer

kropac 2010 mongolia

Open Source Copyright

Copy it, adapt it, use it – but acknowledge the source!

Included in the SSWM Toolbox are open-source materials from various organisations and sources. Following the open-source concept for capacity building and non-profit use, copying and adapting is allowed provided proper acknowledgement of the source is made (see below). The publication of these materials in the SSWM Toolbox does not alter any existing copyrights. Material published in the SSWM Toolbox for the first time follows the same open-source concept, with all rights remaining with the original authors or producing organisations.

We build upon the Creative Commons Attribution Works 3.0 Unported License which states that you are free to:

  • Share - to copy, distribute and transmit this document
  • Remix - to adapt and reuse. We would appreciate receiving a copy of any changes that you have made to improve our Toolbox.

Under the following conditions: You must always give the original authors or publishing agencies credit for the document or picture you are using. We do not assume any responsibility and make no warranty with respect to the results that may be obtained from the use of the information provided.

To view an official copy of the Creative Commons Attribution Works 3.0 Unported License, visit

Suggested Citation

CONRADIN, K., KROPAC, M., SPUHLER, D. (Eds.) (2010): The SSWM Toolbox. Basel: seecon international gmbh. URL:


The SSWM Toolbox could not have been realised without the support of countless people and organisations. In particular, we would like to thank:

The following organisations have contributed to the funding of the toolbox:

  • Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  • Capacity Building for Integrated Water Resources Management (Cap-Net)
  • UN-Habitat

Concept Developent

The SSWM Toolbox is developped by seecon international gmbh:

seecon international gmbh

Dornacherstrasse 192

4053 Basel


Tel: +41 (0)61 261 40 04

With Contributions from:

Leonellha Barreto-Dillon (seecon); Magali Bassan (Eawag/Sandec); Julie Bergamin (Antenna Technologies); Till Berger (sustainserv); Marco Bruni (seecon international gmbh); Manuela Buerkli (independent); José Luis Carrascot (Aquasis); Nina Carle (seecon); Katharina Conradin (seecon); Bipin Dangol (ENPHO); Molly Danielsson (cloacina); Maria Isabel R. Dumlao (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Bastian Etter (Eawag/Sandec); Florian Faure (seecon); Aleix Ferrer Duch (seecon); Fabiola Garduño (Sarar Transformación); Regula Gerber (seecon); Robert Gensch (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Eytan Gur (seecon); Pallavi Hasurkar (Ecosan Services Foundation); Michèle Heeb (seecon); Gina Itchon (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Stefanie Kaiser (seecon); Stefanie Keller (Ecosan Services Foundations); Michael Kropac (seecon); Juri Lienert (seecon); Mohnura Mamadgazanova (seecon); Meiyoshi Acabal Masgon (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Félicien Mazille (cewas); Regula Meierhofer (Eawag); Arne Menn (seecon); Annaliza Miso (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Nadia von Moos (seecon); Andrea Pain (seecon); M.M. Pandit (IWWA); Suresh Narayan Patankar (IWWA); Dörte Peters (seecon); Naomi Radke (seecon); Martina Ricato (seecon); Vanessa Rüegger (IRCC, University of Fribourg); Niels Sacher (Susan Centre, Xavier University); Sreevidya Satish (Ecosan Services Foundation); Ivan Sawyer (Sarar Transformación); Ron Sawyer (Sarar Transformación); Michael Scheidegger (seecon); Dominique Senn (seecon); Raju Shrestha (ENPHO); Dorothee Spuhler (seecon); Beat Stauffer (seecon); Nick Tandi (Cap-Net); Liz Tilley (Eawag/Sandec); Risch Tratschin (seecon); Bhushan Tuladhar (ENPHO); Abdül Üstün (seecon); Corinne Waelti (seecon); Martin Wafler (seecon); Silvan Widler (seecon); Philippe Wyss (seecon); Elisabeth Zech (seecon); Florian Zihlmann (seecon)

Many Thanks to:

Daniel Adom (UN-HABITAT); Graham Alabaster (UN-HABITAT); Till Berger (seecon); Lucinda Fairhurs (ICLEI Africa); Madeleine Fogde (EcoSanRes/SEI); Johan Gély (SDC); Björn Guterstam (GWP); Johannes Heeb (seecon); Petter Jenssen (Norwegian University of Life Sciences); Elisabeth von Münch (GTZ); François Münger (SDC); Meena Palianappan (Pacific Institute); Arne Panesar (GTZ); Dayanand Panse (Ecosan Services Foundation); Jonathan Parkinson (IWA); Tarryn Quayle (ICLEI Africa); Darren Saywell (IWA); Jürg Staudenmann (UNDP); Mark Smith (IUCN); Paul Taylor (Cap-Net); Danka Thalmeinerova (GWP); Liz Tilley (Eawag/Sandec); Thomas Walder (SDC); Claire Warmenbol (IUCN) ; Chris Zurbrügg (Eawag/Sandec); Cecilia Ruben (SEI); Carolien van der Woorden (WSSCC); Jon Lane (WSSCC)

Key References:

The following sources served as important baseline documents for this publication:

  • Cap-Net (2010): Cap-Net Website. URL:
  • Eawag/Sandec (2008): Sandec Training Tool 1.0. Duebendorf: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science (Eawag), Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (Sandec)
  • Global Water Partnership (GWP) (2008): GWP Toolbox. URL:
  • Tilley, E., Luethi, C., Morel, A., Zurbruegg, C., Schertenleib, R. (2008): Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. Duebendorf and Geneva: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science (Eawag) & Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC).
  • Peal, A., Evans, B., van der Woorden, C. (2010): Hygiene and Sanitation Software. An Overview of Approaches. Geneva: Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC).

Web Development

Regula Gerber (see & Abdülmecit Üstün

Graphical Design

Alain Groeneweg - see


Sourabh Phadke - see


The contents of the SSWM Toolbox reflect the opinions of the respective authors and not necessarily the official opinion of the funding or supporting partner organisations. Depending on the initial situations and respective local circumstances, there is no guarantee that single measures described in the toolbox will make the local water and sanitation system more sustainable. The main aim of the SSWM Toolbox is to be a reference tool to provide ideas for improving the local water and sanitation situation in a sustainable manner. Results depend largely on the respective situation and the implementation and combination of the measures described. An in-depth analysis of respective advantages and disadvantages and the suitability of the measure is necessary in every single case. We do not assume any responsibility for and make no warranty with respect to the results that may be obtained from the use of the information provided.

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