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Arctic WASH

Arctic WASH cover
Cover Overview

Today, drinking- and wastewater treatment systems in Arctic regions are under serious pressure. The wastewater treatment range from the application of mechanical treatment plants to passive treatment systems consisting of waste stabilization ponds (WSPs), natural or engineered wetlands, and composting or bucket toilets. In many of the poorer communities’ human excreta/wastewater receives no treatment. Melting permafrost zones add increasing vulnerability to physical structures and community-based water services.

Poor sanitary conditions often combined with inadequate water supply give rise to (enteric, skin and respiratory) health problems that compound with Arctic environmental health issues.

Discharge of wastewater into the vulnerable ecosystems in the Arctic may also require different technologies or system designs than those used in warmer climates. Currently, limited information exists about water handling facilities in the Arctic, resulting in considerable uncertainties about the performance and environmental sustainability of existing or potentially different future systems. Changing paradigms aspiring to closed-loop systems and economies also need to be considered for water and sanitation services, such as resource recovery for energy, nutrients and water – yet many institutional and governance barriers inhibit this change.

This knowledge platform facilitates a scenario-based exploration and application of scientific and administrative knowledge for the sound development of suitable solutions for decentralised water treatment technologies under the harsh climate conditions of the Arctic.

Module 1: Introduction

The Arctic is undergoing dramatic changes in its climate that will make the region increasingly accessible for economic development, including…
14 Factsheets
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Module 2: Environment, Pollution Levels & Implications

Add background information: Why is this topic of interest?In this module a general overview of wastewater constituents is given. Evidence on levels…
8 Factsheets
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Module 3: Health & Risk Assessment

This module will introduce and explore several of the human health dimensions of rural sanitation in the arctic, including but not limited to the…
24 Factsheets
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Module 4: Technology

Current wastewater treatment systems (WWTS) in Arctic regions range from use of mechanical treatment plants or passive treatment systems as waste…
19 Factsheets
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WASH Solutions for Different Arctic Scenarios

In the Arctic, many different conditions do occur and influence the right choice of technology to use for WASH. For example, the size of the…
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Advocacy - Influencing Leaders (DC)

"Advocacy is the action of delivering an argument to gain commitment from political and social leaders and to prepare a society for a particular…

Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSP)

Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSPs) are large, man-made water bodies. The ponds can be used individually, or linked in a series for improved treatment.…

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR)

An anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) is an improved [8217-septic tank] with a series of baffles under which the wastewater is forced to flow. The…

Septic Tank

A septic tank is a watertight chamber made of concrete, fibreglass, PVC or plastic, through which blackwater and greywater flows for primary…

Adult Learning Principles

Learning opportunities for adults exist in a variety of settings, ranging from a formal institution to day to day practical learning at work. It is…

Participatory Mapping

Principally, participatory mapping serves as a tool to provide a visual representation of information in a particular geographical context. It is…

Anaerobic Digestion (General)

Biogas sanitation is the treatment of waste and wastewater by a process called anaerobic digestion. During anaerobic digestion, the organic matter in…

Anaerobic Digestion (Small-scale)

A small-scale biogas reactor or anaerobic digester is an anaerobic treatment technology that produces (a) a digested slurry (digestate) that can be…

Anaerobic Digestion (Organic Waste)

Anaerobic biogas digesters are airtight reactors in which organic waste is decomposed and transformed into biogas by a biological process called…

Urine-Diverting Dry Toilet (UDDT)

A urine-diverting dry toilet (UDDT) is a toilet that operates without water and has a divider so that the user, with little effort, can divert the…

The Nutrient Cycle

Rivers

River water is an important surface water resource for households, agriculture (e.g. irrigation, animal husbandry) and industry (e.g. processing…

Lakes

Lakes are surface water sources, with water levels changing depending on the seasons. Lakes usually play an important role in the supply of water for…

Man-made Reservoirs

Man-made reservoirs, sometimes called artificial lakes, are important water sources in many countries around the world. In contrast to natural…

Springs

When groundwater makes its way to the earth’s surface and emerges as small water holes or wet spots, this feature is referred to as a spring. The use…

The "ARCTIC WASH" Perspective was developed by the SSWM team in collaboration with the Norwegian University of Lifesciences (UMB), University of Alberta (UsA-Can), Canada; University of Alaska (UoA-US),USA; The Technical University of Denmark (DTU); Northern State Medical University (NSMU), Russia and The International Joint Research Centre for Arctic Ecosystem and Environment (IJRC-EAA) at the Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China.

It has been designed for the students of the training course “Sustainable Water Sanitation and Health in the Arctic” conducted by these five universities in cooperation with other partners. But it can also be used by a larger audience learning or teaching in higher-education institutions or by WASH practitioners from all over the world involved or interested in sustainable Arctic WASH solutions.

The training course “Sustainable Water Sanitation and Health in the Arctic” This summer school invites graduate level students and regulatory experts alike who intend to achieve relevant scientific and administrative knowledge for the sound development of suitable solutions for decentralised water treatment technologies under the harsh climate conditions of the Arctic.

Main Contributor:  
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB)
http://www.umb.no
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University of Alberta (UsA-Can)
https://www.ualberta.ca/

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University of Alaska (UoA-US)
https://www.uaa.alaska.edu/
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The Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
www.dtu.dk/

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Northern State Medical University (NSMU)
www.nsmu.ru

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Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)
en.hit.edu.cn/

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Created by:  
seecon international gmbh
http://www.seecon.ch
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